Author Archives: Dr Anouk Borst

About me

I’m a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of St Andrews, working on the mineralogy and geochemistry of alkaline rocks and associated rare metal deposits.

I was born and raised in a small town called Rijpwetering in the Netherlands, stereotypically below sealevel and surrounded by windmills. I went to high school in Leiden and studied Earth Sciences at the VU University Amsterdam, where I completed my BSc degree in 2009 and my MSc degree in 2012. I did my PhD at the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland and the University of Copenhagen, being supervised by Prof. Tod Waight, Dr Troels Nielsen, and Dr Henrik Friis.

My PhD research focussed on the complex magmatic and hydrothermal evolution of highly peralkaline nepheline syenites in the rift-related Gardar province in South Greenland, specifically looking at REE-Zr-Nb mineralisation. I defended my thesis in June 2016, shortly after which I moved on to a 3-year postdoc with Prof. Adrian Finch at the University of St Andrews in Scotland.

As a postdoc at St Andrews I continued to work on eudialyte-hosted REE deposits in South Greenland, and various other REE deposits, as part of the NERC funded SoS RARE consortium. The SoS RARE project is a UK-based consortium with partners at the University of Brighton, Leeds, Sheffield, Exeter (Camborne School of Mines) and the BGS. The aim of the project was to bring together mineralogists, geochemists and metallurgists to improve our understanding of REE mineralising systems, and to use this information to develop environmentally friendly and economically viable ways to process REE resources.

I am particularly interested in how late-magmatic fluids evolve and modify the primary mineralogy, and how this influences the processing steps required to extract the metals from the rock. I use radiogenic isotopes (U-Pb, Sm-Nd, Rb-Sr, Lu-Hf) to trace subsolidus mobility of elements and to fingerprint the source of critical metal enrichment. I also use various mineral chemical techniques, such as EMP, XRD, and synchrotron-based X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy, to characterise primary and secondary REE-minerals.

Among other things I’m currently working on heavy rare earth enriched Ion Adsorption Clay Deposits from Madagascar and China with collaborators from the University of Brighton.

At St Andrews I’m also involved in teaching undergrad and postgrad courses in magmatic ore deposits and petrology,  demonstrating lab practicals in optical microscopy, field-mapping courses, and supervising MSc dissertation projects at the University of St Andrews and the VU University Amsterdam.